'Master' Necip Fazıl commemorated on 37th anniversary of his death.
Being the second artist having the title of "Sultanu'ş Şuara" (Sultan of Poets) after Baki in the history of Turkish literature, Necip Fazıl Kısakürek is commemorated on the 37th anniversary of his death.
Necip Fazıl Kısakürek was born on May 26, 1904, in a large mansion in Çemberlitaş on Thursday morning. His mother was Mediha and father was Abdülbaki Fazıl. Necip Fazıl who spent his childhood in the mansion where he was born, received his family education from Mehmed Hilmi Efendi. Necip Fazıl, when he was 5 years old, had the knowledge to read daily newspapers and tell the people around him. His grandfather called him “Akl-ı evvel”. He fed him with the Divan of Fuzuli and the stories of Hazrat Ali. His grandmother Zafer, who introduced novelists such as Alexandre Dumas and Michael Zevaco since the age of 5-6, had a significant share in the spiritual development of Necip Fazıl with this movement, though not personally. The death of his younger sister Selma and his grandfather constitutes two unforgettable events of his childhood.
He studied at Gedikpaşa French and Kumkapı American Colleges, Emin Efendi Neighborhood School, Büyük Reşit Paşa Numûne School, Rehber-i İttihad-ı Osmanî School, Gebze Aydınlı Village Primary School and Heybeliada Numûne School. In 1916, he took classes from teachers such as Yahya Kemal, Ahmed Hamdi of Akseki and Hamdullah Suphi in the School of Bahriye-i Şahane. His first contact with Sufism was through the works of Semerât-ül Fuad (Gönül Verimleri) and Divan-ı Nakşî which were given to him by the literature teacher İbrahim Aşki (Tanık) Bey. In addition, during this period, Necip Fazıl, who became known by his nickname “poet”, began to issue a manuscript magazine called Nihal. His first poems were published in Yeni Mecmua at the age of 13-14 and he made his voice heard in the literature world.
He passed an exam in 1924 and was sent to Paris Sorbonne University on a state scholarship. In 1925 he published his first book of poems, Spider Web (Örümcek Ağı). In 1928, at the age of 24, he published his second book of poem, Pavements (Kaldırımlar). His third poetry book, "Ben ve Ötesi" with reached the peak of his fame.
His meeting with Abdulhakim Arvasi
In 1934 he boarded the steamer “Şirket-i Hayriye” to return home from the bank where he worked. A man who sat in front of him and kept his eyes on him, whom he had never seen until that day, and whom he would never see again, gave him the address of Abdulhakim Arvasi. Necip Fazıl returns to bohemian life for a short time after his meeting with Abdulhakim Arvasi, but he cannot resist the spirit lull he has captured in the moments when he is with his master.
In 1935, with the advice of Muhsin Ertuğrul, he penned his first play Tohum. Although Muhsin Ertuğrul also received a great deal of attention from the art circles, the public's interest cannot be gathered because the events in the work are overshadowed by the intensified idea. In 1937, he published his work, “Creating a Man (Bir Adam Yaratmak)”, which paved the way for him to be called Turkish Shakespeare, which holds the pinnacle of Turkish theatre. The work has such a great effect that there are those who are influenced by the work in the halls where the theatre is shown; those who cannot find a place will have to wait for a session. In 1939, he gave his favorite poem, which he would later place in the head corner, the poem of the indescribable and incomprehensible great soul suffering he had experienced 5 years before this date (Anguish (Çile)).
November 2, 1945, until June 5, 1978, daily, weekly, and monthly in various dates and periods, the full 16-circuit broadcasting life “Büyük Doğu” shouldered for 36 years alone. He set up a great backdrop of ideas and action. In 1973, he began compiling works such as “Ulu Hakan II. Abdülhamid Han”, “Benim Gözümde Menderes”. In the same year, Pilgrimage goes and books his memoirs. In 1980, the Turkish Literature Foundation (Türk Edebiyat Vakfı) awarded him the title of “Sultan’uş-Şuara”, The Ministry of Culture (Kültür Bakanlığı) gives the Great Cultural Gift (Büyük Kültür Armağanı). In 1982, he was proclaimed the thinker of the year by the Writers' Association (Yazarlar Birliği) for his work titled “Batı Tefekkürü ve İslam Tasavvufu”.
Kısakürek passed away at his home in the Erenköy district of Istanbul on May 25, 1983. His funeral took place at Fatih Mosque, in which thousands of people participated, and his body was buried in Eyüp Sultan Cemetery.
Correspondent: Ahmet Selim KORKMAZ